Unconscious Mind

The Unconscious Mind

The Unconscious Mind   The Three Levels of Consciousness The concept of the three ‘levels’ of consciousness is attributed to Freud (1915) and is often depicted by an iceberg, with three layers representing each level, namely: The conscious mind, portrayed by the tip of the iceberg, the uppermost part above water that is easily visible…

Free associations

What is Free Association?

What is Free Association? Free association is a therapeutic method developed by Sigmund Freud as a technique used in psychoanalysis (read about this here!) to explore the unconscious mind by providing patients with the complete freedom to express their thoughts. In this article, we explore what exactly free association is, how the idea came about and…

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalysis and the Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychoanalysis and the Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy   What is Psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis refers to a set of psychological theories and therapeutic methods which fundamentally view psychological issues as rooted in the unconscious mind. Accordingly, manifest symptoms (i.e., undesirable or dysfunctional thoughts, behaviours, and other defensive mechanisms) are the result of hidden factors, such as unresolved…

Narrative Exposure Therapy

Narrative Exposure Therapy

Narrative Exposure Therapy as treatment for trauma survivors Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) is a short-term treatment developed specifically to treat PTSD symptoms resulting from complex and multiple traumas. It has been developed according to the theoretical understanding of PTSD, autobiographical memory and neural fear networks. In basic terms, NET aims to engage and reconnect areas…

Reasons to See a Psychologist

Have you ever felt overwhelmed, faced a mid-life crises, or wondered how you could improve your relationships with your family, peers or partners? Why see a psychologist? We often have this misconception that we should only see a psychologist if we face a mental health concern. However, that is not true. In fact, humans often…