Dysfunctionality of Guilt

The Dysfunctionality of Guilt

The Dysfunctionality of Guilt   Have you ever called someone by the wrong name? Broken something that wasn’t yours? Spilt a drink on someone, irreparably staining their favourite shirt? If so, you’ve likely experienced guilt. Guilt describes the sense of regret, responsibility, and self-consciousness we experience after we have done something we consider wrong. Typically,…

Unconscious Mind

The Unconscious Mind

The Unconscious Mind   The Three Levels of Consciousness The concept of the three ‘levels’ of consciousness is attributed to Freud (1915) and is often depicted by an iceberg, with three layers representing each level, namely: The conscious mind, portrayed by the tip of the iceberg, the uppermost part above water that is easily visible…

Free associations

What is Free Association?

What is Free Association? Free association is a therapeutic method developed by Sigmund Freud as a technique used in psychoanalysis (read about this here!) to explore the unconscious mind by providing patients with the complete freedom to express their thoughts. In this article, we explore what exactly free association is, how the idea came about and…

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalysis and the Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychoanalysis and the Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy   What is Psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis refers to a set of psychological theories and therapeutic methods which fundamentally view psychological issues as rooted in the unconscious mind. Accordingly, manifest symptoms (i.e., undesirable or dysfunctional thoughts, behaviours, and other defensive mechanisms) are the result of hidden factors, such as unresolved…

Mental health in older adults

Mental health and aging

The global population is aging at a rapid pace, with the world’s population of individuals over 65 projected to double from 12% to 22% over the next thirty years – an increase in the older adult population of over 1.1 billion people! Universally there continues to be a strong association between aging and health issues…