Racial Microaggression

Racial Microaggressions

What are Racial Microaggressions? What is Neo-Racism? In which forms does it occur? At the present time, in modern society, it is unacceptable to be openly racist or discriminatory to others. However, this does not mean that racist ideas or beliefs within society decrease. Instead, minorities are experiencing discrimination in more discrete, unconscious, and subtle…

Dysfunctionality of Guilt

The Dysfunctionality of Guilt

The Dysfunctionality of Guilt   Have you ever called someone by the wrong name? Broken something that wasn’t yours? Spilt a drink on someone, irreparably staining their favourite shirt? If so, you’ve likely experienced guilt. Guilt describes the sense of regret, responsibility, and self-consciousness we experience after we have done something we consider wrong. Typically,…

Unconscious Mind

The Unconscious Mind

The Unconscious Mind   The Three Levels of Consciousness The concept of the three ‘levels’ of consciousness is attributed to Freud (1915) and is often depicted by an iceberg, with three layers representing each level, namely: The conscious mind, portrayed by the tip of the iceberg, the uppermost part above water that is easily visible…

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalysis and the Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychoanalysis and the Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy   What is Psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis refers to a set of psychological theories and therapeutic methods which fundamentally view psychological issues as rooted in the unconscious mind. Accordingly, manifest symptoms (i.e., undesirable or dysfunctional thoughts, behaviours, and other defensive mechanisms) are the result of hidden factors, such as unresolved…

psychology of the vagus nerve

Psychology of the Vagus Nerve

The vagus nerve is the longest nerve in the body. It starts in the brainstem and extends all the way down into the abdomen. It has branches in the ears, throat, heart, lungs, and digestive tract. The nerve monitors and receives information about how internal organs are functioning, including the heart and lungs. The vagus…

how to cope with anxiety

How You can Cope with Anxiety

There is a good chance you’ve experienced occasional physical and emotional distress signs related to anxiety, such as anxious breathing, your heart pounding in your chest, difficulty sleeping, feeling of dread, or endless circles of worry. That’s okay. In fact, it’s perfectly normal to experience these symptoms. This article explores what anxiety is, from the…

grieving woman

The stages of grief

Grief is something everyone will experience at some point in their life. The experience of grief can often be intense, overwhelming, and long-lasting – which is why it is important to understand what grief is, what the stages and effects are, and what we can do to cope when we are overcome by grief.  …